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What is manipulator? Ultimate Guide 2022

2022/04/14 By 兰兹


What is a manipulator?

What is a manipulator? Firstly, the CNC lathe manipulator attachment uses to fix the processing object during the mechanical manufacturing process to make it occupy the correct position. CNC lathe manipulator attachment, also known as attachment, is used to support construction or inspection installation.


 Any process used to install the part quickly, conveniently, and safely can be called CNC lathe manipulator clamping. Machine tool accessories are the most common, often called accessories for short.

Scope of application:

According to the application characteristics of CNC manipulator parts and accessories, it can be divided into:

1. Dedicated fixture.

What is a manipulator? Moreover, it is specially designed and manufactured to fix a specific part of the product in a particular process. The purpose of the service is highly relevant. The product manufacturer himself usually develops it.

Eventually, it is commonly used as lathe attachments and milling machine attachments. Drilling dies, boring dies (machine tool attachments to guide the boring bar for drilling holes in the workpiece). In addition, the accompanying accessories are used for mobile clamping in the automatic line of modular machine tools).

2. Universal procedures and fixing

Such as lathes, chucks, suction cups, indexing heads, rotary tables, etc. It has excellent versatility and can better adapt to the transformation of processing procedures and processing objects. The structure was finalized, and the size and specifications were series. Subsequently, most manipulator attachments have become standard attachments for machine tools.

3. Combo manipulator accessories

It is a fastener composed of standardized components of different shapes and specifications. Used for robot hand accessories, suitable for single-piece and small-batch production. The manipulator should be designed so that the positioning accuracy of the plasma torch is high (this can ensure the accurate position of the heating point between the workpiece and the tool). When reinstalling the plasma torch, the manipulator is easy to maintain, and the reinstallation time is short.

Product Advantages and Simple installation and operation

What is a manipulator? Moreover, installation is convenient, the operation is simple, and there is no professional requirement for the user. The equipment has a high degree of freedom. As well as it can turn and mill in line, and it can also rotate and rub for automatic detection at the same time. Moreover, it can be suitable for various automated processing, loading, and unloading needs.


Firstly, the manipulators are fixed on the plasma torch in a particular position relative to the workpiece being processed, which is carried out using manipulators.

 Manipulators have the following requirements:

 The fastening of the plasma torch in a given position must be rigid; There should be low sensitivity to vibrations during processing. Fig. 29.3 shows a manipulator with manual movement of the plasma torch in the processing area of ​​a lathe. The manipulator consists of a base 9, where carriages 7 and 8 are installed to move the round guide 3 in two mutually perpendicular directions.

What is the manipulator angle of rotation measures?

The base nine fixes in the tool holder of the lathe. Guide 3 and carriage 4 allow you to move the pantograph 2 with the plasma torch 7 in the vertical direction. Pantograph 2 serves to rotate the plasma torch in a horizontal plane. Furthermore, it is driven by handle 6.

Subsequently, the angle of rotation is measured by dial 5. The process of the plastron in the vertical plane is carried out by turning the pantograph with dial five and handle six around the horizontal axis in the bearing located in carriage 4.

Manipulator for a lathe with manual movement of the plasma torch in the processing area

What is a manipulator? The manipulator is shown in fig. 29.4 is designed to mount on the support of a heavy screw-cutting lathe. It allows you to make a rough adjustment of the position of the plasma torch using handle ten and nut 9 when the arc is off.

manipulator 2022

Furthermore, the plasma torch’s position can be adjusted before starting work or during turning. The flywheel 6 moves the plasma torch, clamped in holder 7, in the horizontal direction at a distance of up to 200 mm.

What is manipulator manual movement?

The rotation of the plasma torch about the horizontal axis is carried out with the help of handle four and a worm paired with wheel 8, and the counting accuracy of the rotation angle is carried out according to dials 3 and 5. In addition, all rotational and linear movements are performed independently, making the robot highly versatile.

Manipulator with the manually adjustable position of the plasma torch

In the large lathe plasma torch part, in the main body 13 of the robot, the boom 22 is rigidly connected to the nut 19 to move. In addition, the nut moves from the lead screw 18, which receives the rotation from the stepper motor 27 through the worm 10, the worm gear 28, and the hollow shaft 77 and further through the bevel gears (14 and 17).

Furthermore, a telescopic shaft 20 is provided inside the screw, and the telescopic shaft 20 drives the bracket 25 to rotate through the worm 21 and the wheel 26. Fixture 23 is electrically isolated from the robot and mounted on a bracket housing the plasma torch. The shaft 20 is driven by a stepper motor 9 through a worm 29 and wheel 8 and further through a bevel gear.

Manipulator for a lathe with remote control of the position of the plasma torch

Lastly, by turning the bracket 25 and clamp 23 around the axis of the clamping screw with nut 24, the plasma torch installed is relative to the workpiece being processed at a given angle.

The manipulator is suspended from bracket one and firmly attached to the turntable slide. The slider moves vertically with the bracket, and the manipulator impacts and is finally fixed on the machined bracket.

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