Home / What is CNC wood carving machine? 2020 Guide

What is CNC wood carving machine? 2020 Guide

2022/03/26 By hqt

CNC wood carving machine
CNC wood carving machine

CNC wood carving machine is a mechanical CNC machining machine that composes of a transmission system (guide sliders), nuts, gears, Spindle chisels, machine control software system, driver, perforated cabinet etc.

Please read the following article to learn more about what is a woodworking CNC machine? How to build a wood carving CNC machine? What are the benefits of using wood carving machines?

What is a wood carving CNC machine?

Wood carving CNC machine is one of the automatic CNC machines controlled by an intelligent computer software system, with an unlimited number of chisels.

This is a line of specialized wood CNC machines used to carve wood products according to the available sample files that have designed on the computer before. The CNC carving machines can cut and engrave 6,8, 10, 12, 16 times at the same time, depending on your needs and work progress.

Structure of CNC wood carving machine

Due to the increasing requirements for the quality of wood products, woodworking CNC machines are also widely and widely used, becoming an indispensable “tool” to support. lack in the process of wood production and processing of enterprises.

Like other types of wood CNC machines, wood carving CNC machines also have a structure consisting of 2 main parts: the electrical part and the mechanical part.

Mechanical part of wood carving CNC machine

In the mechanical system of the wood carving CNC machine will include the following important parts and details:

  • Transmission system: all kinds of guide rails (round slider, square slider, round slider, square slider, round slider bearing? screw shaft, nut, gear…
  • Computer chisels, also known as Spindle chisels.
  • The base frame of the CNC wood carving machine is made from monolithic cast steel, ensuring the accuracy of the machine when operating.

Electrical part of wood carving CNC machine:

  • Machine control software systems such as NCSTUDIO, Mach3, RICHAUTO…
  • Driver has the effect of controlling the position of the motors accurately
  • Variable speed inverter for Spindle computer chisels
  • Electrical cabinets containing equipment

The benefits of using a wood carving CNC machine to know

Although it is a wood CNC machine that welcomes by all woodworkers and selected for application, not everyone understands the important benefits that this automatic CNC wood carving machine brings to the sculpting and processing industry wooden. Join us to list all the advantages and outstanding features of this machine to see if it deserves to consider a “talented sculptor” or not?

Wood carving machine using square slider

Wood carving CNC machine has the ability to automatically carve wood easily, quickly, accurately, evenly and beautifully. The products created are of high sophistication without requiring the skills and qualifications of carpenters.

 Applying these wood CNC machines to production helps businesses save time, save labor, minimize production costs while ensuring high productivity.

With large-scale production, business and woodworking models, the application of wood carving machines is the most optimal solution, allowing stable, durable and continuous operation for a long time.

A few notes when choosing a CNC wood carving machine

Choose a wood carving CNC machine based on the material to process to choose the most suitable and economical machine.

  • Pay attention to the working volume of the machine such as length, width, height and choose the appropriate size of the table top, the height of the Z axis.
  • The operating system and supporting software must be thoroughly studied to be able to operate in the best way.

Therefore, the brain of the CNC machine is the computer. The control computers must be computers with extremely fast computing power, the control software must be real time. Ensure the processing speed, machining accuracy as well as the length of the CNC wood carving machine.

CNC wood carving machine 2022

What is a wood CNC machine, what is a computerized wood chisel?

In fact, these are CNC machines that apply to the wood industry, they are capable of chiseling reliefs on wood, chiseling statues, cutting wooden details according to drawings designed and edited on a microcomputer count.

Advantages:  Fast processing time, especially productivity when producing many products at the same time. High precision, all products are made to be uniform in size, suitable for mass production. It does not depend on the skill of the craftsman.

Cons: Many details have hidden corners and cannot process by the CNC wood carving machine (for example, cotton channel punching). This requires users to have computer knowledge. Initial investment costs are high.

Classification of computerized wood chisels, wood CNC machines

According to the operation function:

  • CNC Wood Lathe
  • CNC wood carving chisel machine
  • Similarly, CNC statue chisel machine

According to the number of machining axes

  • CNC 2-axis machining machines (usually lathes, mortise machines, some specialized machines)
  • 3-axis CNC machining machine: For example, a computer chisel, the resulting products are paintings, reliefs, etc.
  • 4-5 axis CNC machining machine: Usually a chisel machine, objects have a block shape.

In addition, there are some other special CNC wood carving machine such as a combination of flat chisels and circular chisels, …v.v.

Structure of wood CNC machine

Wood CNC machine is composed of 2 main parts, that is the mechanical part and the electrical control part.


  • Machine frame: Constructed from profiled or perforated steel, then machined on CNC machines to ensure accuracy
  • The transmission system consists of guide rods (square or round guide), rack – pinion, screw – nut, gear box, motor (stepper motor, stepper motor with feedback, motor, etc.) AC servo motor, DC servo)
  • Spindle motor (Spindle, chisel)

Electrical part

  • Computer system for CNC wood carving machine, control card and software (there are many different controllers used, maybe controllers without using a computer), usually NCSTUDIO, Mach3, RICHAUTO.
  • The drivers control the exact position of the motors
  • Variable speed inverter for Spindle, chisel.
  • Electrical cabinet, containing equipment (APTOMAT, magnetic starter, protection devices, indicator lights.

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